Maritime Claims Reference Manual

Foreword Excerpt

The Maritime Claims Reference Manual (MCRM) is issued by the DoD Representative for Ocean Policy Affairs (REPOPA) under the authority of DoD Instruction S-2005.01, Freedom of Navigation (FON) Program (U), October 20, 2014. It provides a general reference concerning the maritime claims of all coastal nations. Its principal purpose is to facilitate the DoD Freedom of Navigation Program. Consequently, in selecting data for inclusion, primary emphasis has been placed on information concerning claims directly affecting navigation and overflight. Limited information has been included concerning other claims (e.g., Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), continental shelf claims, and environmental regulations). DoD 2005.1-M, “Maritime Claims Reference Manual,” June 23, 2005, is hereby canceled.

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As part of the duties as the DoD Representative for Oceans Policy Affairs to, among other things, compile, catalog and disseminate current information on foreign maritime claims, a comprehensive review of these claims was recently undertaken. This was done to ensure the most timely and up-to-date information is available that may affect military operations. Individual country entries are marked by year (2014) to reflect the entry’s currency.

Abbreviations and Acronyms

  • 200nm/CM: 200 nautical miles or Continental Margin
  • EEZ: Exclusive Economic Zone
  • EIF: Entered Into Force
  • EXP: Depth of Exploitation
  • LIS: Limits in the Sea; Department of State publication
  • LOS Convention: 1982 United Nations Law of the Sea Convention
  • m: Meters
  • nm: Nautical Miles (2000 yards = 1852 m)
  • 1958 DEF: Definition of Continental Shelf as contained in the 1958 Geneva Convention on the Continental Shelf, which is: "the seabed and subsoil of the submarine areas adjacent to the coast but outside the area of the territorial sea, to a depth of 200 m or, beyond that limit, to where the depth of the superjacent waters admits the exploitation of the natural resources of the said areas."

Maritime Claims of Coastal States